Showgirls was the biggest break of Elizabeth Berkley’s career. Up to that point, you see, the Michigan native had been known primarily for the NBC teen TV series Saved by the Bell. With this movie, though, Berkley would get the chance to work with one of Hollywood’s most celebrated directors and dramatically alter her squeaky clean image. But little did the actress know that the role of Nomi Malone would define her career forever – and not in a good way. So how does Berkley feel about the cult classic two decades after its initial release?
Well, it’s safe to say that at first Berkley hoped that Showgirls would start a new chapter in her life. After her success with Saved by the Bell, in fact, the TV idol wanted to become a serious actor. And to do that, she thought, she had to break the shackles of Jessie Spano – the confident schoolgirl the actress had portrayed for four years from 1989.
This was by no means Berkley’s first taste of success, though. Before being cast in the series – which also spawned two TV films – Berkley had been a teenage model with the Elite agency. Her first acting role then came in 1987 in the TV movie Frog. Yet when Saved by the Bell finished, and the majority of the cast went on to appear in subsequent series Saved by the Bell: The College Years, Berkley left to look for something new.
Berkley set her sights on roles outside of the teen sphere, too. But her first few credits post-Bell didn’t exactly make a lasting impression on the entertainment world. So it perhaps appeared that her dreams had come true when she landed the role of Nomi Malone in Dutch filmmaker Paul Verhoeven’s big-budget movie Showgirls.
Looking back, it’s hard to appreciate just what a coup this was for Berkley. The opportunity to work with Verhoeven, and the movie’s screenwriter, Joe Eszterhas, was a chance to collaborate with two major Hollywood talents, after all. Verhoeven was riding the crest of a wave thanks to the success of previous movies he had directed: RoboCop, Total Recall and Basic Instinct.
Not only had these movies been made on big budgets and starred major Hollywood talent, but they had also hoovered up awards and box-office receipts. Verhoeven was nominated for the Saturn Award for Best Director for all three of the aforementioned movies, for instance, and won the accolade for his work on RoboCop. And for its part, 1992’s Basic Instinct was the fourth-highest grossing movie, worldwide, of that year.
Screenwriter Eszterhas was as well-regarded as Verhoeven, too. Having collaborated with the director for Basic Instinct and scored another hit with 1993 movie Sliver, the writer had never been more in demand. Eszterhas was even reportedly advanced $2 million to produce the script for Showgirls, making him, at that time, the highest-paid screenwriter in U.S. movie history.
The idea for Showgirls first came to Eszterhas while vacationing at his home in Hawaii. Before long, he had discussed the concept with his old colleague Verhoeven. During that conversation, too, the latter apparently expressed his admiration for “big MGM musicals.” So the writer suggested that the movie was to be set in Las Vegas. And so the seeds of Showgirls were sown.
Eszterhas then apparently produced the idea on the back of a napkin – and subsequently received his eye-watering advance. So the writer and director began fleshing out the idea of the movie, and they had some serious backing, too. Set to be produced by Carolco Pictures, Chargeurs and Austrian behemoth United Artists – now known as United Artists Digital Studios – the film’s budget was an impressive $45 million.
The size of Showgirls’ budget attracted major interest, as did the fact that the movie was going to be another collaboration between Verhoeven and Eszterhas. The two had combined memorably on the controversial Basic Instinct, of course, so critics and cinemagoers were no doubt intrigued to see what the pair would come up with next.
But what had it been about Basic Instinct that had got so many people talking? Well, it was mainly two things: sex and violence. The movie was certainly explicit on both counts – but it was one scene in particular that got tongues wagging. Yes, the sequences in which lead actor Sharon Stone uncrosses her legs to reveal all underneath. This type of nudity was rare for a major cinematic release. And the subject matter of Showgirls hinted that the movie would feature some similar material.
Details about the film then began to be released. The story was to center around a teenager who has a dream to become a showgirl. She soon winds up in Las Vegas, where she takes to stripping to pay the bills. So the storyline promised high levels of nudity and controversy – keeping in line with some of Verhoeven’s previous efforts.
Verhoeven’s reputation preceded him, you see. Basic Instinct was an erotic thriller that had caused accusations of misogyny and was graphic in detail. The movie also courted controversy with the gay community because of the depiction of its bi-sexual lead character, played by Stone. But Verhoeven’s ability to shock had been honed years before.
His 1980 movie, Spetters – which was made in Verhoeven’s native Holland – is a prime example of the director’s ability to cause an uproar. According to The New York Times in 2007, Spetters is “a male precursor to Showgirls with dirt-bike racers instead of pole dancers” that “featured full-frontal nudity and a homosexual gang rape.”
And it seemed that Spetters was the very reason that Verhoeven had left the Netherlands and headed to the United States. The New York Times reported that the movie had “inspired the formation in the Netherlands of an Anti-Spetters Association, which prompted Mr. Verhoeven’s defection to Hollywood.”
So, with the reputation of the movie’s director well known and an influential screenwriter at the heart of it, Showgirls was garnering significant hype. Perhaps the final piece in the jigsaw in terms of whetting the appetite of audiences was the film’s official rating, which is bestowed by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
The rating system as set by the MPAA is used to reflect how suitable a movie is for its U.S. audience. Although not enforced by law, the scheme is adopted by the vast majority of movie theaters – and some establishments even refuse to show movies that receive more mature ratings.
In advance of its September 1995 release in the United States, then, Showgirls was awarded an NC-17 rating. This dictated that no children under the age of 17 would be admitted to see the film. And, significantly, Showgirls became the first movie with that particular rating to ever be given a nationwide release in mainstream cinemas.
The movie’s rating only enhanced the hype around it, too. The film’s distributors, United Artists, even reportedly sent hundreds of its employees to movie theaters around the country to help make sure that the rating was enforced.
As for Berkley, nabbing such a major role in a mainstream movie was quite an achievement for an actor who had grown up a long way from the glare of the Hollywood spotlight. Born in July 1972 and raised in an affluent suburb of Detroit, Michigan, Berkley is the daughter of a lawyer and the owner of a gift basket firm. And her conservative Jewish childhood was a far cry from the controversy of her first tentpole film release.
But Berkley became a teenage model and a ballet dancer and moved to New York to pursue her love of dancing. And in 1983 she started performing in musicals. Within four years, Berkley had won her first TV roles – but it was her turn as Jessie Spano in NBC’s Saved by the Bell that catapulted her to fame.
But, as we’ve heard, Berkley was keen to move on from the program and showcase her acting and dancing talents. And Showgirls was an opportunity to do both. Meanwhile, the likes of Angelina Jolie, Denise Richards and Pamela Anderson had all turned down the role of Nomi Malone.
Those actors’ decisions to decline the part was Berkley’s big chance, however. Then Kyle MacLachlan and Gina Gershon also joined the movie. The former, in particular, was a well-known name – having won widespread recognition and a Golden Globe for his role in the hit TV series Twin Peaks. He had also had several notable movie roles.
In an ominous sign, however, MacLachlan later revealed his reticence at taking on the role of character Zack Carey in Showgirls. The actor told the AV Club in 2012, “That was a decision that was sort of a tough one to make, but I was enchanted with Paul Verhoeven – particularly RoboCop, which I loved… It was [him] and Eszterhas, and it seemed like it was going to be kind of dark and edgy and disturbing and real.”
Showgirls went on nationwide release on September 24, 1995. But the reaction from some quarters probably wasn’t quite what the producers had in mind. Describing how he felt after seeing the premiere, MacLachlan said, “I was absolutely gobsmacked. I said, ‘This is horrible. Horrible!’”
MacLachlan continued to the AV Club, “And it’s a very slow, sinking feeling when you’re watching the movie, and the first scene comes out, and you’re like, ‘Oh, that’s a really bad scene.’ But you say, ‘Well, that’s okay, the next one’ll be better.’ And you somehow try to convince yourself that it’s going to get better… and it just gets worse.”
And to say that the critics were unimpressed would be a huge understatement. The New York Times opined, “When chimps invade the dressing room and all they do is defecate, the film enjoys a rare moment of good taste.” Meanwhile, Time magazine commented, “Showgirls… is one of those delirious, hilarious botches that could be taught in film schools as a How Not To.”
Unfortunately, it seemed that the general public agreed with the aforementioned publications, too. Despite its massive budget, Showgirls took only just over $8 million on its opening weekend – making nearly $38 million from box-office sales in total. Naturally, it was a disaster for Verhoeven and Eszterhas.
Yet nobody was hit harder by reactions to the film than Elizabeth Berkley – the leading lady who was trying to build a career in movies. At that year’s Golden Raspberry Awards, for instance, the film received a record thirteen nominations – going on to pick up wins in seven categories. And unfortunately for Berkley, she won Worst Actress and Worst New Star.
“When she’s not trying to be nude, unpleasant or both, [Berkley] tries hard to act, but she’s about as convincing as Joan Crawford,” wrote the San Francisco Chronicle. And according to The Telegraph, critics were “unable to contain their mirth at her ridiculously exaggerated deliveries and hysterical overreactions in almost every scene.”
Yet as well as the painful words and humiliating awards, there were very real repercussions for Berkley’s career. Due to the reaction, you see, her agent quit. Others apparently wouldn’t even answer her phone calls due to the legacy of Showgirls. So Berkley’s time in Hollywood was seemingly over before it had properly begun.
And the fallout from Showgirls continued to affect Berkley. She told The New York Times years later, “Would you talk about a boyfriend you broke up with, how many years ago? I’ve moved on.” And in an interview with Variety in 2013, Berkley was even more candid. She said, “It was a bit of a difficult time for me personally because a lot of doors were shut at that time.” Berkley even stopped dancing – which had been one of her passions up until then.
But something strange happened after the release of Showgirls. For a start, the movie eventually turned a profit and became one of MGM’s best-selling video rentals. The picture has also become regarded as a cult classic – and some respected industry players now even praise the film.
In 2015, with the tide turning in terms of critical legacy, Showgirls received a 20th anniversary Hollywood screening. And before that event, Berkley spoke candidly about her experience with the movie. According to The Telegraph, she said, “I had the most extraordinary experience making the film. When a dream is happening, it’s unlike anything you can ever imagine. Which is why, when the movie came out, it was more painful than anything you can imagine.”
Berkley continued, “I’m not going to spend a lot of time on that moment, because why do that? We don’t live in the past. I’m just bringing it up for a point, to tell you that 1995 was such a different time, where taking risks like that were not embraced. They were laughed at. They were shamed publicly.”
“To be a young girl in the center of that was something that was quite difficult,” Berkley concluded. “But I found my own resiliency and my power and my confidence…” So there was a light at the end of the tunnel for the actor, and the movie’s new-found appreciation was part of restoring that lost confidence.
At the screening, Berkley even performed one of the movie’s dance moves and received a standing ovation by the packed Hollywood hall. According to Entertainment Weekly, the actress said, “I want to thank [the audience] for giving me this gift of truly getting a full-circle moment of experiencing the joy with you. You guys and the love you have for this movie have made this the cult film that it is. Thank you so much.”
At the show, Berkley also opened up about how she had never been able to enjoy the movie’s original premiere. It seems that was a privilege so cruelly denied by the deluge of criticism that the movie received at the time. She added, “So tonight is this magical circle moment, where I actually didn’t get to experience the sweetness of a screening with a crowd that embraced it.”
Berkley may have never scored another leading role in a major Hollywood movie, but she said that she now “loves” Showgirls. She told fans at the screening, “I really do want you to know this movie is something I love, but I love it because you love it too… I hope that it’s brought you comfort, I hope that it’s brought you joy, I hope that you have made incredible memories with your friends watching it cozy on your couch.”
People are still discussing Showgirls, too. Documentaries have been made about the film – including one that critics received warmly. You Don’t Nomi, created by filmmaker Jeffrey McHale, explores the lasting appeal of Showgirls. McHale told Salon, “We’re still talking about it because we’re not done with it.”
In the documentary, McHale seeks out answers to all those unanswered questions about Showgirls. He continued, “We can’t figure out how it got made, its intent, the way that the media and critics responded to it, and how audiences have found it and reclaimed it for themselves… When people see this they want to know: how does this thing get made? You want answers.”
Yet whatever those answers are, at least the reputations of those involved with the movie seem to have been rebuilt. And perhaps the last word on Showgirls should go to its director, Paul Verhoeven. According to Entertainment Weekly, Verhoeven said in 1996, “Maybe this kind of ritualistic cult popularity isn’t what I intended, but it’s like a resurrection after the crucifixion.” And it’s hard to disagree with that.
But what of the rest of the cast of Saved by the Bell? For those of us who grew up in the early ’90s, Bayside High was practically the only place to be on a Saturday morning. Yes, NBC’s Saved by the Bell was something of a phenomenon, with the adventures of Zack, Kelly and the gang entertaining us across four seasons, two movies and a college spin-off. And, happily, it turns out that most of the original cast have forged friendships off screen, too.
It seems, too, that many of the Saved by the Bell kids remain buddies even decades on, as in 2019 the likes of Mark-Paul Gosselaar, Tiffani Amber Thiessen and Mario Lopez all joined forces for a 30th anniversary reunion meal – and sent the internet into meltdown as a result. But, sadly, not every major cast member was in attendance. Here’s a look at the story behind the teen series and its stars’ continuing closeness.
The origins of Saved by the Bell began back in 1986, when producer Peter Engel was asked to create a new sitcom inspired by NBC president Brandon Tartikoff’s sixth-grade teacher. And despite an unsuccessful pilot, Good Morning, Miss Bliss – starring Hayley Mills as the titular lead character – ultimately aired a 13-episode run on the Disney Channel. Unfortunately, though, the comedy was swiftly canceled after failing to pick up enough of an audience.
But that wasn’t the end for the show. Instead, Tartikoff was encouraged by the stronger teen elements of the series and pushed for a reworking that would shift focus to the students. Engel eventually decided to come on board, too, although he was initially unsure about the new premise. And the rest is television history.
Of course, several other changes were subsequently made to the series. It found a new home on NBC, for one, as well as a Saturday morning time slot. In addition, the setting was moved from Indianapolis to a fictional Los Angeles area known as the Palisades, while several of the original cast members were also swapped out. And despite Engel’s reservations, the show was renamed Saved by the Bell.
What’s more, those four principal actors brought over from Good Morning, Miss Bliss included Lark Voorhies and Dustin Diamond. Voorhies had played fashion-conscious shopping obsessive Lisa Turtle in the original show, while Diamond had portrayed the impossibly nerdy Screech Powers – with both characters going on to reappear in Saved by the Bell. Dennis Haskins also chose to reprise his role as Bayside High’s goofy principal, Mr. Belding.
But Mark-Paul Gosselaar was arguably the most important star to transfer to the new and improved sitcom. You see, although Saved by the Bell was ostensibly an ensemble comedy, Engel knew that Gosselaar’s Zack Morris was crucial to the series. And in his 2016 memoir I Was Saved by the Bell: Stories of Life, Love and Dreams That Do Come True, the producer described the character whom he had had in mind as “that incorrigible kid who could lie to your face, letting you know very well that he’s lying and make you love him for it all the same.”
Three other actors were also brought in to complete the main Bayside High gang: Mario Lopez as jock A.C. Slater, Tiffani Amber Thiessen as Zack’s crush, Kelly Kapowski, and Elizabeth Berkley, who won the part of super-smart feminist Jessie Spano. Berkley had initially auditioned for the role of Kelly alongside future Beverly Hills, 90210 star Jennie Garth.
And audiences first got to see all the changes in action when Saved by the Bell’s first episode, “Dancing to the Max,” premiered on NBC in August 1989. Unlike its predecessor, the show became an instant hit, too, leading to it being renewed for a further three seasons. There was also a 1992 TV movie that transported the gang to the sunny shores of Hawaii.
Yet the Bayside High crew’s story didn’t end when they graduated at the end of the fourth season. Yes, Kelly, Screech, Slater and Zack all returned to our screens right after that conclusion in spin-off Saved by the Bell: The College Years. And this time around, their adventures were screened on prime-time NBC.
Sadly, though, audiences didn’t follow the characters from Saturday morning to Tuesday evening, and Saved By the Bell: The College Years was taken off air after just one season. That said, the characters were given a send-off in 1994 with Wedding in Las Vegas. And, as its name suggests, the TV movie saw the show’s romantic leads, Zack and Kelly, walk down the aisle together. Aww.
Plus, it appears that NBC tried to make lightning strike twice, as in 1993 the network put together a brand new cast of students for Saved by the Bell: The New Class. Haskins’ Mr. Belding was originally the only returnee, although Diamond’s Screech later joined him as his assistant. And the follow-up show ultimately aired for a whole seven seasons before NBC finally pulled the plug in 2000.
Still, even though the classic Saved by the Bell series ended way back in 1994, there have been hints at a reunion in the years that have followed. In 2006, for example, Adult Swim appeared to confirm that the teen show would be returning to our screens for a special. Just seven days later, however, the mischievous strand of the Cartoon Network admitted that the reveal had all been a prank.
Then, three years later, Zack Morris himself made an appearance on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon. The host had embarked on a crusade for a Saved by the Bell reunion, and Voorhies, Berkley, Lopez and Haskins all consented to guest on an episode of the late-night show. Gosselaar was present and in character, too, and he finished his time on air in style, as Saved by the Bell’s fictional group, Zack Attack, joined very real house band The Roots for a unique rendition of “Friends Forever.”
Of course, two key members of the series were notable by their absence. In a spoof video uploaded to the Funny or Die website, Thiessen later explained that she simply didn’t have the time to join her former cast mates. Diamond, on the other hand, had virtually burned his bridges after bringing out a tell-all book about his time on the ’90s show.
Published in the same year as the Fallon reunion, Behind the Bell saw Diamond make various unfavorable claims about the Saved by the Bell cast and crew. Most of the allegations were strenuously denied by those who were said to have been involved, however, while Diamond himself later admitted that his ghostwriter had made up those stories.
Yet despite Diamond’s attempt to come clean, Lifetime still decided to produce a movie based on his book in 2014. And unfortunately for the network, The Unauthorized Saved by the Bell Story was slated by critics after its first airing. Entertainment Weekly damned the film as a “horrendous and unmoving time-waster,” for example, while TV Guide wrote that the flick “seemed more parody than biopic.”
Diamond’s questionable antics also saw him snubbed at a reunion shoot for People magazine in 2009. And to add insult to injury, the actor was completely removed from a 1989 cast picture in the same issue that showed how each Saved by the Bell actor looked 20 years on. Ouch.
Before Diamond’s salacious memoir had been published, though, he did get the chance to join his former colleagues again. The previous year – and alongside Gosselaar, Lopez, Voorhies and Haskins – the man formerly known as Screech lent his voice to a third-season episode of animated hit Robot Chicken. “Boo Cocky” centered around a parody of horror movie Saw entitled Sawed by the Bell.
Then in 2015 a different Saved by the Bell line-up returned to Jimmy Fallon’s late-night show, as both Voorhies and – unsurprisingly – Diamond declined to show up on set. Berkley’s performance in the much-maligned Showgirls, Lopez’s Dancing with the Stars stint and Thiessen’s pregnancy were all humorously addressed during the episode’s skit.
And certain stars of the series have continued to embrace their Saved by the Bell past in a musical theatre parody of the show that opened in 2013. Both Haskins and Diamond have graced the stage of the production, which was created by Tobly and Bob McSmith. The brothers had previously worked on a similar spoof of Berkley’s Showgirls.
Finally, in 2019 several original cast members organized a reunion meal to help celebrate three full decades of being buddies. Lopez, Berkley, Thiessen and Gosselaar all attended the dinner with their respective partners at the Sherman Oaks, California, restaurant Petit Trois. And the quartet almost broke the internet when they shared various photos of the gathering to their social media feeds.
Gosselaar, for example, posted a pic on Instagram alongside the caption, “This is what 30+ years of friendship looks like.” Berkley uploaded the same image, too, accompanied by numerous hashtags. These included “I’m so excited” – a reference to the Pointer Sisters hit that Jessie famously sings during her caffeine pill-induced breakdown.
But Lopez was perhaps the most enthusiastic about the reunion – at least, judging by his coverage of the occasion on social media. In particular, the actor and presenter uploaded a video clip from the dinner in which he introduced everyone in attendance. And there, he says, “Okay, fun dinner tonight with some old friends. Here is Mrs. Lopez, Elizabeth, her husband Greg — who has the best wig ever — Catriona, Mark-Paul… There’s Brady, there’s Tiffany.”
The curly-haired star then revealed that the group made the most of the menu items on offer. He adds, “We ate an obscene amount of food, an obscene amount of food. The Lopezes are walking home, coming back and getting the car. Great group here… Now it’s time to play credit card roulette for the bill.”
But while Lopez didn’t reveal the name of the unlucky individual forced to cough up for the gang’s apparent gluttony, Gosselaar seemed to imply that his old Bayside High partner in crime had lost the game of credit card roulette. “Thanks for taking care of the bill,” the Zack Morris actor posted on his friend’s Instagram page.
Gosselaar and Lopez’s wives, Catriona McGinn and Courtney Laine Mazza – the latter of whom was pregnant at the time – also joined the quartet. Greg Lauren, Berkley’s husband, was similarly in attendance, as was Thiessen’s spouse, Brady Smith. As Saved by the Bell fans may have realized by now, though, two principal cast members were absent from the occasion.
Admittedly, it may have been a stretch to assume that Diamond would be posing happily alongside the castmates whom he had previously maligned. Nevertheless, that didn’t explain the omission of Voorhies – although it should be noted that the actress is renowned for living her life away from the public eye.
Still, although the Saved by the Bell reunion didn’t include the full original line-up, many fans were still stoked to see the bulk of the gang back together. One aptly named Instagram user, baysidehigh, posted, “Are y’all immortal? You all look even better now. Thanks for posting this; it made my day!”
Then there was the particularly excitable fan who commented, “This dinner group just made my year and we are not even halfway through it. I would have loved to have waited on this table.” Another replied, “What a blessing to see you all together happy and healthy! It warms my heart so much.”
Meanwhile, a week after the dinner, Thiessen discussed the reunion during an interview with USA Today to promote her new children’s book. And in the process, the star revealed that she had been the one responsible for organizing it all. “I put it together, and we finally had a date on the calendar, and we had a really great time,” she said.
And it’ll please longtime Saved by the Bell fans to know that this wasn’t a one-off meeting between former colleagues, either, as Thiessen told USA Today that she and Gosselaar regularly have meals out together. Perhaps most promisingly, though, the actress also revealed that the most recent reunion dinner certainly wouldn’t be the last.
But the restaurant trip hadn’t marked the first Saved by the Bell cast reunion of 2019. You see, several months earlier, Lopez had visited the set of Gosselaar’s new Fox show The Passage in his capacity as a presenter of Extra. And after the get-together, Gosselaar posted a then-and-now shot of the pair to his Instagram page along with the hashtag #30YearChallenge.
It appears, too, that Lopez and Gosselaar have indulged in a spot of martial arts together. At the very least, Gosselaar took to Instagram in January 2019 to post an photo of the pair with the caption, “This is what it looks like when two #OldSchoolHomies beat (each) other up for an hour and a half. Thanks for the roll @mariolopez.”
In addition, the Zach Morris actor chose to speak about his experience of filming Saved by the Bell during another promo appearance for The Passage. While appearing on Watch What Happens Live with Andy Cohen, Gosselaar told the host that the Saved by the Bell cast had made little money from their stints on the sitcom, revealing, “We made really bad deals. Poor deals back then. It is what it is. You move on, you learn. Great experience.”
And when talking to Cohen, Gosselaar also explained how strange it was to see reruns of the show now that he’s in his 40s. He said, “When I watch the episodes, it’s like a new experience for me. I don’t remember, I wasn’t sentimental. I didn’t take anything from the set. My [children] are watching it. They’re kind of like, ‘Eh…’ They’re unimpressed. But they’re unimpressed about everything.”
So could all the Saved by the Bell cast get-togethers inspire another reunion on screen? Well, there seems to be a mixed response from the Bayside High gang. When asked about the possibility of a proper reboot, Thiessen told USA Today that she doesn’t believe it’s likely to happen.
However, Gosselaar appeared to be more optimistic about the prospect when he spoke to British newspaper Metro in 2018. After having been asked about plans for a 30th anniversary special of Saved by the Bell, he said, “No, we haven’t discussed anything. I think the last time we did something for the 25th was with Jimmy Fallon, so possibly he might have something up his sleeve – which would be great. I think we’d all gladly take up the offer if it was there to reprise that role with them.”
And Berkley seemed even more open to the idea of a reunion in a 2017 Us Weekly interview. She explained, “If something else presented itself that was as intelligent as the way Jimmy did it… I’m not saying we wouldn’t consider, but we did what felt great for us at this moment. We’re actually fortunate that most of our cast consistently works and have been working actors since we were kids… We stay in touch. We love each other.”
Berkley then referred to another show that had aired during the Saved by the Bell era and which had recently found a new lease of life. She added, “Especially in light of the recent Full House success, same generation… There seems to be a resurgence or an appetite for a little more innocence again in a climate and culture that is not.”